Retrieved 18 December The probe is activated for 1—2 seconds, referred to as a stimulus cycle. Electroejaculation is less invasive, has few reported side effects e. Furthermore, macroscopic and microscopic analysis provided ejaculate parameters from several species, even from orders that hitherto have never been assessed for semen collection, which may serve as a starting point in the future. Altogether, these findings demonstrate the feasibility of ES in collecting semen from unpaired, unconditioned and non-imprinted males from a variety of bird orders.
Following the procedure, rectal mucosa is re-examined to assess for any changes.
Electrostimulation is an effective and safe method for semen collection in medium-sized lizards.
In these other studies, repeated electrostimulation and TESE testicular extraction of sperm were the main options offered to patients who were unable to obtain sufficient levels of sperm. SchafferMark CranfieldAsgerally T. The extent of RPE-induced penile tumescence varied directly with electrode surface area and applied current intensity. Probe was inserted per-rectally with patient in the lateral position. However, in practice, while oncologists have a positive attitude towards fertility preservation, actual referral rates remains low [ 89 ]. Based on our literature review, testicular volume appears to be the only factor indicative of successful semen collection [ 12 ].